Vocational Education and Training

General information and types of projects

The Erasmus+ Programme differentiates between Programme and Partner Countries as regards possible modalities of participation of their organisations/institutions. Programme Countries are EU countries, Macedonia, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Turkey. Since 2019 the Republic of Serbia became fully-fledged Erasmus+ Programme country, which enables full participation for organisations/institutions and individuals in all actions and types of projects. Partner Countries can be those neighbouring the EU, as well as all other countries in the world.


KA1 Mobility projects

KA1 Mobility projects in the field of vocational educational and training (VET) are focused on two target groups, in the scope of gaining teaching experience and/or of teaching in another country:
1. Teachers, trainers, educators, professional associates, directors of institutions and other personnel involved in the strategic development of the institution or organization in the field of vocational education and training;
2. Pupils and attendees of vocational education and training.

KA1 projects- Learning mobility of individuals for VET last from 12 up to 24 months. Institution submitting the project application must specify the duration of the project in the application form, in accordance with the project objectives and the type of planned activities. One activity within the project, referring to teachers and educators, can last from 2 days to 2 months, while internship for students lasts from 2 weeks to 2 months, excluding travel time.

You can find detailed information about KA1 Mobility projects HERE.


KA2 Strategic Partnerships

Strategic Partnerships are international projects which support the development, transfer and/or implementation of innovative practices and joint initiatives that promote cooperation, mutual learning and exchange of experience at European level. They involve at least three organisations from 3 programme countries.

Depending on the objectives and the composition of the Strategic Partnership, projects may be of two types:

  • Strategic Partnerships supporting innovation;
  • Strategic Partnerships supporting exchange of good practices with primary goal to allow organisations to develop and reinforce networks, increase their capacity to operate at transnational level, share and confront ideas, practices and methods.

You can find detailed information about KA2 Strategic partnerships HERE.


Sector Skills Alliances

Sector Skills Alliances shall aim at tackling skills gaps, enhancing the responsiveness of initial and continuing VET systems to sector-specific labour market needs and demand for new skills with regard to one or more occupational profiles.

Public or private organisations from either Programme or Partner countries can participate in these projects. Those organisations include: social partners, Ministries, research institute, sector skills councils, bodies providing career guidance, professional counselling and information services, public or private VET providers, public or private, small, medium or large enterprises etc.

You can find detailed information about KA2 Sector Skills Alliances HERE.


KA2 School exchange partnerships

The main goal of School Exchange Partnerships is to strengthen the European dimension in the participating schools, to build up their capacity for cross-border cooperation and their ability to cope with new challenges. By organising mobility activities for pupils, these partnerships will also promote the common values of freedom, inclusion, tolerance and non-discrimination as underlined in the Paris Declaration.

School Exchange Partnerships can implement different activities for exchange of staff and pupils:

  • Short-term exchanges of groups of pupils (3 days to 2 months);
  • Long-term study mobility of pupils (2 to 12 months);
  • Short-term joint staff training events (3 days to 2 months);
  • Long-term teaching or training assignments (2 to 12 months).

Compared to other Strategic Partnerships, the following specific rules apply to this format:

  • Partnerships must involve a minimum of two and a maximum of six schools;
  • Only schools from Programme Countries can participate;
  • As a general rule, projects will last between 12 and 24 months. Only projects organising long-term mobility of pupils may last up to 36 months, if justified by their workplan;
  • Funds are provided for mobility activities of staff and pupils (including accompanying teachers or other qualified persons), as well as general project management and implementation costs. Dedicated funding is not provided for Intellectual Outputs, Multiplier Events and Transnational Project Meetings.

Priorities and criteria that apply to KA2 Strategic Partnerships, apply to School Exchange Partnerships as well and they can be found here.